How To Perform CPR

What Is CPR?

 CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, CPR is a life-saving emergency procedure that uses chest compressions and rescue breathing in cases where a patient's heart stopped beating, or they aren't breathing, including Cardiac Arrest. 

The use of CPR keeps oxygenated blood pumping to the brain and other organs until emergency officials arrive. 

The use of CPR and double a person's chance at survival, performing CPR, and using an AED if its available can be the difference between surviving or not in many cases. An AED increases the patient's chance of survival by up to 60% or more. Each minute that goes by without the use of an AED during SCA, the rate of survival goes down by 10%.

It is crucial to act as quickly as possible in the event someone needs CPR or an AED. If possible, assign someone to call 911 and go and get the AED. If no one else is around, call 911 and get the AED before you begin CPR. 

Most AED's provide audio and visual prompts for instructions and help with CPR compressions. 

How Do You Perform CPR?


  1. Assess that the scene is safe enough for you to perform CPR on the individual.

Tap them on the shoulder and ask, "Are You Ok?"

  1. Call 911, or assign someone to, and get someone to get an AED if one is nearby. 

If you are alone, call 911 and retrieve the AED if available.

  1. Open Airway. It is ideal for the patient to be lying on their back. Tilt their head slightly to lift the chin.
  2. Check For Breathing. Listen (for no longer than 10 seconds) for breathing. If the person is not breathing, begin CPR.

If you are using an AED, follow the instructions included and use the AED first. 

Using an AED

  1. Turn On AED.
  2. Place.
  3. Remove clothing from the chest, and place the pads according to the AEDs instructions on the patient's chest.
  4. Analyze.
  5. Push the analyze button and allow for the AED to read the patient's heartbeat. If no heartbeat is detected, the AED will inform you to administer a shock. 
  6. Administer Shock (If Advised)
  7. If the AED prompts you to, you will need to administer a shock. Ensure no one, including yourself, is touching the patient. Push the shock button. Note, if the AED does not require a shock, remove the pads and begin CPR. The unit will not deliver a shock.
  8. Begin CPR.

Steps Of CPR

  1. Position. Interlock fingers, Center Of Patients Chest.
  2. Interlock your fingers and place the heel of your hand on the center of their chest. 

Interlock your fingers by placing the heel of your other hand on top of the other side. Keep your arms straight; keep your fingers raised, so they do not touch the patient.

  1. Give Compressions.

Do compressions with force and speed. Compressions should be 2" deep and done at a pace of 100 compressions a minute. If you are giving rescue breaths, do 30 compressions, and then deliver two rescue breaths.

If you are CPR trained or familiar with the process, you may perform rescue breaths; otherwise, continue with CPR compressions.

Rescue Breaths

  1. Open Airways
  2. Make sure the head is tilted, and chin lifted slightly. 
  3. Pinch the nostrils closed with one hand, and support the chin with the other.
  4. Take a normal breath and place your mouth over theirs, creating a seal.
  5. Blow into the person's mouth to make the chest rise, watch it fall. Deliver two rescue breaths and then continue with compressions. 

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How To Perform CPR